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November 20, 2010

IBS – Irritable bowel syndrome. Nutrition can help

Irritable bowel syndrome is diagnosed by medical doctors when there is no detectable pathology of the bowel, yet there is some sort of functional disturbance resulting in compromised digestive function.

It may be good news to learn that there is no bowel disease present, yet it can be very frustrating when you are told that IBS is unexplainable and that nothing can be done. There is usually a trigger involved. Nutrition looks at the bigger picture and aims to unravel the reasons behind this common condition.

IBS symptoms

  • Bloating, discomfort and wind
  • Alternating bouts of diarrhoea and constipation
  • Frequent or loose bowel movements
  • Painful bowel movements
  • Pain relieved by bowel movement
  • Abdominal distention, spasms and spasms
  • Mucus in stool

Possible IBS triggers

It’s common for IBS symptoms to come and go. Often something triggers an IBS episode.

  • Stress
  • Trauma or surgery
  • Medication side effects and drug use
  • Changes in diet
  • Chronic infection
  • Menstrual problems in women

What causes IBS?

There are many reasons why the digestive system may not be functioning at its best. Diet, emotional and lifestyle factors have a huge influence. Drugs such as antibiotics deplete the friendly bacteria in the colon, which may lead to an unhealthy environment and compromised digestive function. Often the gut lining becomes irritated by drugs or particular foods.

  • Sucrose, fructose intolerance. Many IBS sufferers cannot breakdown these sugars, which will then ferment into irritating substances to the gut lining.
  • Dysbiosis. Imbalanced friendly bacteria and sometimes an infection of clostridium difficile (indicated by high levels of methane in a hydrogen breath test).
  • Food intolerances and sensitivities. Very common in IBS. The usual suspects are wheat, dairy, corn, tea, coffee, chocolate and citrus fruits.
  • Lactose intolerance. Many people improve when dairy is removed from their diet.
  • Psychological connection. Many IBS sufferers also have sleep disturbances, depression, anxiety, stress and fatigue.
Natural treatments for IBS
It’s necessary to play detective and find out exactly what the underlying causes are, looking for triggers and addressing diet and lifestyle accordingly.
No two people are the same. Each and every person is unique. Often symptoms can point us in the right direction.
The body’s signposts
  • Constipation. Usually indicative of low fibre intake, dehydration, food intolerance, poor liver and gallbladder function and lack of bowel tone and motility.
  • Mucus in stool. Can be a result of chewing too quickly or low levels of the enzyme pepsin (activated by stomach acid).
  • Diarrhoea. Commonly due to food intolerances, particularly wheat and dairy.
Nutrition to the rescue

By doing an elimination diet, addressing food intolerances and avoiding wheat and dairy if necessary, the aggravating factors are removed. Often the digestive system needs supporting from the top with adequate chewing and supplementation of digestive enzymes and stomach acid formula. Ensuring the diet is packed with whole, unrefined, nutrient-dense foods is crucial in getting back on track again. Dietary and lifestyle changes aim to optimize digestive function and provide the body with all the nutrients it needs to return to a state of optimum health. The vicious circle in any bowel or digestive disorder is that the condition causes nutrient absorption issues that further aggravate the matter. Digestive enzymes themselves require many nutrients to be able to produced and therefore to break down the foods! Without adequate digestive enzyme function, there will be further depletion of nutrients, and so the cycle continues!
Action plan for IBS
  • Identify and eliminate food intolerances.
  • Wheat and dairy are prime suspects.
  • Supplement with digestive enzymes and HCL/Pepsin at each meal.
  • Supplement with probiotics to restore optimal gut flora status. The friendly bacteria help us digest and absorb our nutrients, reduce inflammation, promote healthy bowel movements, as well as keeping the cells of the gut lining healthy.
  • Increase good fats such as oily fish, flax oil, raw ground seeds, avocado and olive oil. These fats are anti-inflammatory and help build quality cel membranes. Avoid processed fats, margarine, saturated fats. Consider supplementing with a quality fish oil.
  • Increase fibre by eating more fresh fruits, vegetables and salads. Use soluble fibres such as oats and apples rather than bran (an insoluble fibre), as it can be irritating to the gut lining.
  • Supplement with a good multivitamin and mineral to correct nutrient deficiencies. Sublingual nutrients (liquid formulas placed under the tongue) will ensure maximum absorption when digestion is compromised.
  • Certain herbs such as chamomile, fennel, peppermint and ginger can be used as teas for their calming and anti-spasmodic effects.
  • Aloe vera and slippery elm may be useful for their soothing action on the digestive tract.
  • Avoid large meals to ensure not taxing the digestive system.
  • Eat whole, unrefined, nutrient dense foods in their natural state.
  • Avoid fatty, spicy and greasy foods as these irritate the gut lining.
  • Minimize sugar intake as sugar increases inflammation.
  • Eat in a relaxed, conscious manner away from distraction. Chew, chew, chew!
  • Address your stress. Digestion is negatively affected by stress, anxiety and unresolved tension.

 

 

 

 

Article by Jo Rowkins dipNT MBANT, nutritionist, founder of awakening health and executive health adviser of The Spa Resorts.

 

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